What is Adenocarcinoma?
Adenocarcinoma is one of the multiple types of cancers which occur in mucus secreting glands throughout your body. Adenocarcinoma can occur in different parts of your body and it is also seen in the different type of cancer. Some of which are listed below :
- Lung Cancer – Lung Cancer is also of varied types and one of the most common lung cancer is non small cell lung cancer. Out of the non small cell lung cancer adenocarcinoma is one of the most common type of cancer.
- Colorectal Cancer – You might have heard about cancer which occurs in the inner lines of the intestines. This is known as adenocarcinoma and it constitutes of 90% of the colon and inner intestinal cancers.
- Prostate Cancer – cancer is also seen in prostate glands. And this is known as prostate cancer or better known as adenocarcinoma.
- Esophagel Cancer – cancer which takes place in the glandular cells of the esophages is known as adenocarcinoma. This is one of the most common form of esophagel cancer.
- Pancreatic Cancer – This cancer takes place in pancreas ducts. One of the most common exocrine pancreatic cancer tumours is
How to Diagnose Adenocarcinoma?
Diagnostic tests vary quite widely in cancer. It can occur at different parts of the body and also at what stage cancer is. There are different ways to diagnose adenocarcinoma. Some of the most common ways are mentioned below –
- Computed Tomography (CT) Scan – This is basically an X Ray procedure which is used to take three dimensional picture of abnormal tissues in the body. This will detect any abnormal tissue or gland in your body. This can also be used to find out the effectiveness of the current treatment.
- Biopsy – when some abnormal tissues are removed from the body then a biopsy is done. This is basically done so that it can be found out that any other tissue or cancer containing tissue is remaining in the body or not. Also, it can also help you to ascertain if cancer is present in some other parts of the body.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – This is one of the most advanced forms of a scan. In this radio frequency waves are used. These radio frequency waves are used to define the cross sectional parts of your body.
What are the Treatment and therapy options for Adenocarcinoma?
Chemotherapy : One of the most common form of therapy in cancer. This is mostly the first step to treat cancer. In this therapy adenocarcinoma is destroyed by the use of drugs which destroys the existing cancer cells either at all parts of the body or only at specific parts where there is cancer cells. Chemotherapy can also be used in combination of other treatment options like surgery.
Radiation Therapy : This radiation therapy is used in the combination of chemotherapy or surgery. In this images are used as a source of guidance which helps us to target cancer causing adenocarcinoma tumours. But the biggest bonus with this therapy is that it leaves the healthy cells and oragns aside without touching them.
Surgery : And the final solution is surgery. When nothing else works in the body then surgery is advised by the doctors. Adenocarcinoma is often completely treated by surgically removing the cancer causing cell or tissue. In most cases some adjacent tissues are also removed so that the risk of spreading cancer can be reduced. This is also done to minimize the risk of infection caused during and after surgery.
This was all about Adenocarcinoma. Early diagnosis can definitely save lives and help in leading a healthier lifestyle.