Antibiotics for testicular pain
Men are very worried when they feel pain in their testicles. For, a better understanding of the causes of such symptoms, it is necessary to know the anatomy and physiology of this organ. Therefore, in this article, we will tell you antibiotics for testicular pain.
Before the birth, testicles are located in the abdominal cavity (in the abdomen). Over time, the testicles descend down through the abdominal cavity into the scrotum (the outer sac in which they are located). However, the testicles remain connected with the abdominal cavity with a spermatic cord, which contains important blood vessels, nerves, lymphatic vessels, and the vas deferens. The spermatic cord also serves as a retention of the testicles within the scrotum. Above the testicle behind is an associated, but separate structure called epididymis, which serves to store and transport semen. Usually, epididymis is directly linked to the wall of the scrotum.
Causes of pain in testicles in men
Testicular pains have a variety of causes, some of which are surgically severe cases that require immediate medical attention to rescue a damaged testicle.
Injury: Trauma of the testicles often causes severe pain. A direct blow to the scrotum, despite the fact that it is very painful, causes only temporary pain. Most cases of damage to the testicles (85%) are caused by a blunt trauma (sports injuries, kicks or hands, car accidents, injuries during riding).
- Trauma can lead to bruising or swelling of the scrotum and testicles.
- Sometimes, a testicle injury can cause more severe damage, which may require emergency surgery.
Twisting of the testes: Twisting of the testicles requires urgent surgical intervention. In this phenomenon, the egg is twisted in the scrotum either spontaneously or, less often, because of direct trauma. When the testicle is twisted, the blood vessels in the spermatic cord are also twisted, which leads to blood flow to the damaged testicle.
Since the blood contains oxygen, and the testicles are necessary for normal functioning and life support, twisting can lead to the “death” of the testicle.
Twisting can occur at any age, but this phenomenon is most common in the first few months of life (in newborns) and in boys aged 12 to 18 years. Twisting is common in men who have an abnormal location of the testicles relative to the scrotal wall (called a bell malleus deformation). In many of the men, this defect is present in both testicles.
Epididymitis: Epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis) occurs most often due to infection. This is the most common cause of pain in the testicles, which occurs in men over the age of 18, although this disease is also found in the age of consent and in the elderly.
- In sexually active men, the most common cause of epididymitis is sexually transmitted diseases (sexually transmitted diseases), such as gonorrhea or chlamydia.
- Both younger and older men can also get epididymitis, most often due to disorders of the genitourinary system. In elderly people, the most common cause is the enlargement of the prostate gland.
- Twisting of the testicle pendant: This is a common cause of testicular pain in boys, in most cases, at the age of 7 and 14 years.
- Pendant testicles and epididymal appendage – in general, useless tissue, remaining from the embryonic development of man. As with twisting of the testicle, twisting of these structures can lead to an interruption in blood flow, which in turn causes pain in the testicles of different strengths.
An inguinal hernia. In this case, pain in the testicles occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through the muscle defect in the groin area and slides into the scrotum. This can cause swelling of the scrotum and discomfort in the testicles.
Orchitis (inflammation of the testicle). This inflammatory disease of the testicle, in general, causes an infectious process. Sometimes occurs along with epididymitis (epididymio-orchitis), especially when epididymitis has gone untreated for several days. Most cases of orchitis are caused by mumps (a viral infection), although it can be caused by other viruses and bacteria.
Testicular tumor. The tumor itself rarely causes pain in the testicles. It is important to check the testes regularly to locate any tumors or masses, as early detection improves the prognosis of testicular cancer.
Stones in the kidneys. Pain from stones in the kidneys can sometimes go to the testicles.
Infections or intra-abdominal hemorrhage: These phenomena rarely cause pain in the testicles.
Antibiotics for testicular pain
Many causes that caused pain in the testicles can not be prevented completely, however the following measures are taken to reduce the risk:
- To participate in sports activities, wear a suitable protective device to prevent injury to the testicles.
- To prevent epididymitis caused by sexually transmitted diseases, control sex life, use condoms, which significantly reduces the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Vaccination against mumps can help reduce the incidence of viral orchitis.
- Although testicular tumors cannot be prevented, regular testicular self-tests will increase the chances of early detection of the disease.
Prognosis for pain in the testicles
Forecasts for people with pain in the testicles are completely dependent on the underlying cause of the symptoms.
For people with testicle injuries, the prognosis depends on the severity and extent of the initial wound. Most patients with a testicle injury recover without any complications, but for some, a testicle can be lost or irreparably damaged.
When the testicles are twisted, the prognosis and recovery depend on the time elapsed between the onset of symptoms and manual spiraling or surgical intervention. The chances of rescuing a testicle are less the more time has passed.
- If the spiral was unscrewed within 6 hours of the onset of the symptom, the probability of maintaining the testicle is 90% to 100%.
- After 12 hours, the probability is from 20% to 50%.
- After 24 hours, the probability of salvaging the testicle will be between 0% and 10%.
Complications associated with twisting of the testicle include its loss, irreparable damage, infertility and various infections.
People with epididymitis and bacterial orchitis get well without complications if they start antibiotic treatment in time. Potential complications include the formation of an abscess, a worsening of the possibility of childbearing and rarely, a general infection of the blood (sepsis).
The prognosis for people with a twisting epididymis is excellent.
The prognosis for detecting a testicular tumor depends on the type of tumor and the degree of disease at the time of diagnosis.