Early symptoms of gonorrhea in males
Gonorrhea is an infectious disease transmitted by the sexual way. Pathogen – gonococcus penetrating the mucous membranes of the urogenital system. This serious disease is complicated by prostatitis, inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs and leads to male infertility.
Gonorrhea – what is it?
Gonorrhea is the most common venereal disease.
In general, the age of the infected is 19-35 years. The disease has a very negative impact on human health, affects various organs and systems.
In recent years, cases of asymptomatic or asymptomatic forms of gonorrhea or untreated infection have become more frequent.
The consequences of this – infection of the respiratory tract, cardiovascular, as well as nervous systems. Perhaps the defeat of the joints, in extremely severe cases – sepsis (blood infection).
Answering the question – gonorrhea, what is it, we can say that in connection with its widespread prevalence and serious complications that can provoke both male and female infertility, this disease has a very negative effect on the development of society, on the demographic situation in the country and the world .
Moreover, not only this disease affects adults but also children, if the mother is infected, the probability of infection of the child during childbirth is high.
Infection with gonorrhea
The source of the disease is a sick person. The disease is transmitted sexually from the patient or the carrier of the infection. When sexual intercourse with a sick partner, gonococci fall on the mucous membranes of the genital organs, after which their introduction and development of the disease occur. The incubation period of gonorrhea is up to 15 days. Initial manifestations can be noted after 2 days from the moment of contact with the carrier of the infection. They are manifested in the form of unpleasant sensations along the urethra, after which itching and purulent discharge from the urethra. Scientists are concerned about the progression of this disease all over the world. For example, according to experts in the UK, gonorrhea is the leader among sexually transmitted diseases and in 2011, the number of patients with an incurable form of the disease was 20 thousand people. The government of the country was forced to implement a program to combat this venereal disease. According to the statistics, 30% of patients diagnosed with gonorrhea are homosexual. Progression of the disease, as well as an increase in cases of resistance to the pathogen to antibiotics, poses a serious threat not only to the population of Great Britain but also to the entire world community.
Early symptoms of gonorrhea in males
On average, the first symptoms of gonorrhea appear within one week from the time of infection. With the deterioration of immunity, as well as in the treatment of antibiotics in an irrational dosage, this period may increase and reach 3 weeks. Disease in men occurs in two forms: acute and chronic. This division is conditional since the duration of the acute phase in different patients depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. It is believed that the acute phase continues for 2 months from the time of the first symptoms, after which the disease acquires a chronic course. With the development of gonorrhea in men, the symptoms of the disease are due to the anatomical features of the structure of the genitourinary system. The first occurrences of infection are:
- Discomfort, burning and itching along the urethra, worse with urination
- Purulent discharge occurs first only when pressing on the head of the penis.
- At subsequent stages of the disease, the discharge becomes permanent.
The upward spread of infection to the back of the urethra leads to the development of signs of cystitis – the frequent painful urge to urinate. A further spread of infection to the prostate and testes accompany the chronic course of gonorrhea. Gonorrheal prostatitis is characterized by frequent urge to urinate and prolonged painful erection. In especially severe cases, a pain in the rectum during defecation is noted. The defeat of inguinal organs manifests itself in the form of inflammatory diseases of the testicles. Inflammation is accompanied by swelling of surrounding tissues and inguinal lymph nodes. Sexual intercourse is accompanied by painful sensations and the appearance of bloody discharge. Since the cause of the disease is an infectious agent, its development is accompanied by common manifestations of intoxication: fever, chills, and headache. Symptoms of chronic gonorrhea can be blurred, and for a long time do not cause a characteristic manifestation. In this regard, the patient does not receive proper treatment, and the disease gradually progresses, giving a detailed clinical picture only in the late stages. This is responsible for the increased frequency of complications of chronic form.
To confirm the presence of gonococcus in the blood, bacteriological and bacterioscopic methods are used. They are based on identifying the pathogen in the smear during microscopic examination and determining the growth of the gonococcus during sowing on nutrient media. The material for the removal of smears is the discharge from the urethra and anus, as well as the secret produced by the prostate gland and seminal vesicles. A specific express method for diagnosing gonorrhea is the immunofluorescence method, in which antibodies to the gonococcus are identified in the patient’s blood. A method of immunological sensitization is widely used, in which the patient is injected intradermally with a protein preparation containing the gonococcal allergen. In the presence of the disease during the day, the patient starts a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction. The reaction manifests itself locally. Weak positive result – the diameter of hyperemia on the skin up to 10 mm. Positive – 11-20 mm. relatively positive – more than 20 mm. All patients with a weakly positive result and above are given a full-scale examination to determine the type of pathogen and the extent of its spread in the body.
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