The only way to know if you have gonorrhea is to undergo a test and take tests. Timely diagnosis of gonorrhea or any other sexually transmitted infection (STD) allows for successful treatment of gonorrhea in the shortest possible time and begin a normal life again.
Analysis for gonorrhea can be given both within a few days after classes with unprotected sex, and after a week. Checking for gonorrhea makes sense even if you do not have any symptoms.
Early diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhea reduce the risk of any developing symptoms, such as pelvic inflammatory disease or infection in the testicles. Complications arising from long-term infection are much more difficult to treat.
Where to go for gonorrhea test?
There are several different medical institutions where one can go to be tested for gonorrhea
- General laboratory
- Women’s consultation
- District clinic
- Private clinic
You can buy a rapid test for gonorrhea in the pharmacy to do an analysis at home. Nevertheless, these tests differ in accuracy, so it is recommended to do a gonorrhea test in a normal laboratory.
There are many different ways to check for gonorrhea. In many cases, a tampon will be used to take a sample for analysis, although men can do only with the surrender of urine.
A procedure called smear collects samples of secretions. It only takes a few seconds and is not painful, although it may be slightly uncomfortable.
Gonorrhea test for women:
- A doctor or nurse, as a rule, take a swab from the vagina or cervix (entrance to the uterus) during an internal examination. In some cases, the sample can be taken from the urethra (a tube that removes urine from the body).
- Sometimes you may be asked to use a tampon to take a sample from the inside of the vagina yourself.
- Women do not usually pass a urine test to test it for gonorrhea, as for women this is a less accurate test than for men.
Gonorrhea test for men:
- Men tend to take a urine sample or they take a swab to collect a sample of discharge from the tip of the penis.
- If you are asked to provide a urine sample, it is important not to urinate for about two hours in advance, because it can wash bacteria and affect the test results for gonorrhea.
Gonorrhea test children:
Children with signs of gonorrhea infection at birth or children with an increased risk of infection (mother with gonorrhea) usually get antibiotics immediately after birth.
This does not harm the child but helps prevent blindness and other complications of gonorrhea.
Gonorrhea test of the rectum, throat and eyes:
- If there is a chance of infection with gonorrhea of your rectum or throat, a doctor or nurse may use a tampon to take a sample from these areas.
- If you have conjunctivitis symptoms, such as red, inflamed eyes with discharge, a pattern of excreta is collected.
Obtaining test results for gonorrhea
Some clinics can carry out rapid tests for gonorrhea when a doctor can view the sample under a microscope and immediately report the results of the study. Otherwise, you need to wait a few days to get results.
How to treat gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is usually treated with a short course of antibiotics.
Treatment is recommended if:
- Analyses showed if you have gonorrhea;
- There is a high probability that you have gonorrhea, even if your test results are not yet ready;
- Your partner is sick with gonorrhea.
In most cases, treatment of gonorrhea involves a single injection of an antibiotic (usually in the buttock or thigh) followed by oral antibiotic intake. In rare cases, injections are replaced with tablets.
If you have any symptoms of gonorrhea, after treatment they tend to improve within a few days, although it may take up to two weeks for a complete cure of pelvic and testicular pain. Bleeding between cycles in women or difficult periods should improve during the next cycle.
After the treatment of gonorrhea, it is usually recommended to visit the doctor again – in a week or two, to make a new analysis that confirms whether the infection has gone or not.
You should avoid sex until the gonorrhea is completely cured to prevent re-infection or transmission of the infection.
If, after treatment of gonorrhea, the symptoms of the disease have not improved or you think you have been infected again, consult your doctor. There is a chance that the treatment will need to be repeated, or the doctor will prescribe additional tests to identify other problems.
Sexual partners and the treatment of gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is easily transmitted through intimate sexual contacts. If you are diagnosed with gonorrhea, there is a chance that you have contracted from the last sexual partner or, on the contrary, gave him gonorrhea. It is important that your current partner and any other recent sexual partners be screened for gonorrhea and treatment if necessary.