Back pain is pain in any region of the back. It can be neck pain (cervical), middle back pain (thoracic) or lower back pain (lumbar) The lumbar area is the most common area for pain, as it supports most of the weight in the upper body. Due to the back pain, discomfort can be felt in the arms and hands as well as the legs or feet.
Back pain is a common complaint, with about nine out of ten adults experiencing it at some point in their life. Even though back pain can affect people of any age, it is significantly more common among adults aged between 35 and 55 years. Back pain is associated with our bones, muscles and ligaments in our backs.
Back pain can originate from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine. Default in internal structures such as the gallbladder, pancreas, aorta, and kidneys can also cause pain in the back.
Common causes of back pain include:
• Lifting a heavy object, or twisting the spine while lifting
• Sudden movements that place too much stress on the low back, such as a fall
• Poor posture over time
• Sports injuries, especially in sports that involve twisting or large forces of impact
Diseases like Pelvic inflammatory disease, Slipped Disk, Sciatica, Kidney Stones, Spinal Stenosis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, miscarriage, can cause lower back pain
Back pain is characterised by a combination of the following symptoms:
• Dull, aching pain that is pain that remains within the low back
• Pain that travels to the buttocks, legs, and feet. Sometimes low back pain includes numb sensation that moves down the thighs and into the low legs and feet
• Pain that is worse after prolonged sitting. Sitting puts pressure on the discs, causing low back pain to worsen after sitting for long periods of time.
• Pain that feels better when changing positions. Depending on the underlying cause of pain, some positions will be more comfortable than others.
• Pain that is worse after waking up and better after moving around. Pain in the morning is due to stiffness caused by long periods of rest, decreased blood flow with sleep, and possibly the quality of mattress and pillows used.
Even though the treatment depends upon the type of disease the person is suffering from, you can follow the following tips to prevent the back pain or prevent from further worsening of back pain.
• Wear comfortable, low-heeled shoes if you are on your feet all day.
• Don’t slouch when standing or sitting.
• At home or work, make sure work surfaces are at a comfortable height.
• Warm-up and stretch before exercise or other strenuous physical activity.
• Don’t try to lift objects that are too heavy and don’t twist while lifting.