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Best Treatment Options to Treat Prostate Cancer

Best Treatment Options to Treat Prostate Cancer

Getting diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early stage (stage I or II) is an indication that the disease has not spread outside the prostate gland. This is good news because several good and effective treatment options are available to choose from.Best Treatment Options to Treat Prostate Cancer

However, it is important that you pick the right treatment option for your condition. Speak to your doctor about the benefits and side effects of these treatment approaches. A lot of question needs to be asked which will help you get the best results with as fewer risks as possible.

The following three types of treatment for prostate cancer are recommended by doctor in the early stages:

Usually, prostate cancer grows very slowly. Hence, in most cases, there is no need to treat it immediately. Sometimes, the patients don’t need any treatment at all. For some men treatment poses more risks than benefits. Under these situations, watchful waiting is an option. Here, the patient and doctor will wait and watch for symptoms and treat them once they start. The doctor may conduct tests from time to time to check if the cancer is growing.

Best Treatment Options

Surgery

Since cancer at stage I or II does not spread beyond the prostate, surgery to remove the gland may not be required in all cases. The surgeons may use radical prostatectomy or laser prostate cancer surgery to remove the whole organ and some tissue around it.

There are a couple of ways your doctor can do this:

Retropubic prostatectomy

It is known to be the most common prostate surgery type. The prostate is removed by the surgeon using a cut on the patient’s lower belly.

Perineal Prostatectomy

A cut is made between testicles and anus by the surgeon to remove the prostate. Tiny cuts may also be made in the pelvis (laparoscopy) or robotic arms may be used to control surgical tools and make precise cuts. Nerves and other structures around the prostate are not damaged during surgery.

Radiation

This therapy uses high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells. Doctors may give radiation in one of the two ways. One of the methods involves the use of external beam radiation, which focuses X-rays on the patient’s prostate. This is given through a machine outside the patient’s body. Radiation is targeted by the doctor straight into the gland. The dose is adjusted in a way to target cancer. The entire treatment takes only a few minutes. Patients need to visit clinic 5 days a week for around 1- 9 weeks.Best Treatment Options to Treat Prostate Cancer

Proton therapy

Doctors use very tiny particles referred to as protons. X-rays are not used. The therapy will target better to prostate tissue. This causes less damage to other parts of the body.

Brachytherapy

This is a recent therapy that makes use of small pellets (measuring the size of rice grains) that gives off radiation of low levels inside the patient’s prostate for a few months or weeks. Doctors will put the patient to sleep with a medicine. Thereafter, the pellets in inserted through very thin needles. Patients are generally advised to keep distance from pregnant women and children during this treatment. Radiation can also be given through small tubes placed into prostate for a few minutes. The tubes are placed one at a time. Special emphasis will be paid by the doctor to prevent any harm to the area around the prostate. Some men may experience side effects from radiation. These include:

– Tiredness

– Diarrhea

– Blood in stool

– Bowel trouble

– Trouble controlling urination

– Leaky bladder

– Erection problems

Cryosurgery

The treatment involves the use of very cold gas to freeze and then kill cancer cells. Some of the side effects of cryosurgery include bowel problems, blood in urine, bladder problems, and problem getting an erection.

Hormone Therapy

Prostate cancer cells can grow with the help of male hormones such as testosterone. So if your doctor thinks the disease may spring back after surgery, a hormone therapy is recommended to stop your body from making these harmful substances. This may be given along with radiation treatments. The side effects of this treatment include erection problems, bone thinning, and lower sex drive. =====================================================================

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