Details about High Blood Pressure You Need To Know
High blood pressure is common in American adults, especially those with diabetes. According to the American Heart Association, nearly 1 in 3 American adults have high blood pressure and 2 in 3 people with diabetes report having high blood pressure or take prescription blood pressure medicines.
What Is High Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure is the force of blood circulation in your blood vessels. When the force is too strong and the blood is pumping too fast, your pressure is considered to be high. High blood pressure forces the heart to work harder and increases your risk for heart disease, stroke and other problems such as eye problems and diabetes.
It’s essential that you do something if you have the high blood pressure – lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, as well as medication, are all treatment options – lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise in outdoor, as well as medication, are all treatment options.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
There are many people who don’t know that they have high blood pressure. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that 67 million Americans have high blood pressure, but only 16 million are receiving treatment. To avoid missing a high blood pressure diagnosis it is important that you have your blood pressure checked at every doctor visit.
When high blood pressure manifests in this way, it can show up as:
Low exercise tolerance
Loss of consciousness
Episodes of confusion
If you’ve never had your blood pressure monitored, or can’t remember what your blood pressure is, then you should call and make an appointment to see your doctor. Even those without a dedicated primary care doctor can have their blood pressure checked inexpensively at a walk-in clinic.
How Is Blood Pressure Measured?
If you’ve ever been to the doctor, you’ve likely had your blood pressure checked. A cuff is placed around your arm and a medical personnel will use a stethoscope to listen for your blood pressure. The measurement is a relationship of two numbers written as a ratio. The upper number, systolic pressure, is the measurement of pressure in the arteries when the heart beats (or is at work).
And the Lesser number, diastolic pressure, measures the pressure between Beats once the heart is resting. Check out the American Heart Association to understand more about blood pressure readings.
Should You Check Your Blood Pressure?
Having your blood pressure checked is an important part of a regular health maintenance routine, and should be done at every doctor visit. To make any diagnosis of elevated blood pressure, at least three readings must be taken at different times.
Who Should Have Blood Pressure Checks?
Checking blood pressure in regular is an important to all after 35 age. In general, blood pressure checks should be performed every time you visit the doctor.
In addition to normal monitoring, certain groups of people should be watched more carefully, including
- people over 35
- pregnant women
- anyone who is with a history of high blood pressure
- anyone with a history of heart or kidney problems
- Anyone can develop high blood pressure, even children. If you or someone in your family hasn’t had their blood pressure checked in the last 5 years, make an appointment to see your family doctor.
How to Control Your Blood Pressure and Cholesterol
If you have a family history of high blood pressure, then you may be more prone to high blood pressure yourself. Changing your diet is your first step. Follow these tips to reduce your intake of sodium to help lower your blood pressure:
- Do not add salt to your food; use herbs and spices instead for flavor;
- Avoid packaged and canned foods that are high in sodium, as well as processed meats such as bacon, sausage and cold cuts;
- Choose unsalted nuts as snacks;
- Swap refined carbohydratessuch as white breads and crackers with whole grains.
Stress can also affect your blood pressure. If you are much stressed, try exercise, meditating, deep breathing, yoga or other relaxation techniques to help you reduce your stress level.
There are many medications that can help lower blood pressure. Discuss with your doctor if medication is an option for you and which type is best.
If you haven’t already, it’s also important to get started on an exercise and weight loss plan. Losing as little as 5-7% of your body weight can help to lower your blood pressure along with your risk of heart disease and diabetes.
Should You Try the DASH Diet?
Elevated cholesterol can increase your risk for heart disease and diabetes. Aim to get your cholesterol at goal by changing your diet, losing weight, being physically active and taking your medicine daily if needed. Check out a plan that is diabetes-friendly and heart healthy.